Lipids are essential biomolecules that make up most structural components of the cell. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, in particular the Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA), are probably the most important structural component. Being an integral membrane component, DHA can mediate many beneficial functions and studies in animal models have indeed witnessed these beneficial effects. However, their effects in humans have been controversial and dependent on a number of factors. Although many clinical trials have been conducted to ascertain these effects the results obtained are still inconclusive.
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